Gestational Diabetes: Risks & Management

The journey of pregnancy is a remarkable and joyous time in a woman’s life. However, it can also bring unexpected challenges, such as gestational diabetes and high-risk pregnancy. These conditions require special attention and care under an experienced high-risk pregnancy doctor in Kolkata to ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby.

In this article, we will explore the intricacies of gestational diabetes and high-risk pregnancy, shedding light on their impact and the necessary measures to promote a healthy pregnancy.

Understanding Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes, a temporary condition affecting about 10% of pregnant women, occurs when hormonal changes during pregnancy lead to insulin resistance. This results in elevated blood sugar levels, which can potentially impact the health of both mother and baby.

Often, gestational diabetes exposes you to a higher risk of getting type-2 diabetes. However, with proper management, gestational diabetes can be effectively controlled, paving the way for a safe and healthy pregnancy.

The Challenges of High-Risk Pregnancy

High-risk pregnancy, on the other hand, encompasses various factors that increase potential complications during pregnancy. These factors may include maternal age (both very young and advanced maternal age), pre-existing medical conditions (such as hypertension or diabetes), multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, etc.), and a history of miscarriages or preterm labor. Such pregnancies require heightened medical attention and monitoring to ensure the best possible outcomes.

When a high-risk pregnancy falls under the sway of gestational diabetes, several complications might develop.

Complications due to Gestational Diabetes

According to the best gynecologist doctor in Kolkata, if you have a condition of gestational diabetes, your baby may suffer from some severe consequences:

  • Due to high blood sugar levels, your baby might grow too large. Due to this size disparity, larger babies (who weigh 4 kg or more) are likely to be wedged in the birth canal, prompting a C-section birth.
  • High blood sugar might also cause early labor and delivery, i.e., preterm birth.
  • Babies born in the midst of gestational diabetes fall privy to respiratory distress syndrome.
  • Untreated, gestational diabetes often results in the grievous outcome of the baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.

Mitigating the Risks

To navigate the complexities of gestational diabetes and high-risk pregnancy, a comprehensive approach is necessary. First and foremost, regular prenatal care and close monitoring are essential. Attending all scheduled appointments and following the advice of the best high-risk pregnancy doctor can pave the way for timely intervention and proactive management of potential risks.

In the case of gestational diabetes, adopting a healthy lifestyle becomes paramount. This includes a well-balanced diet, avoiding refined sugars, and engaging in light exercises and prenatal yoga. By carefully managing blood sugar levels, the risk of complications can be minimized.

Additionally, high-risk pregnancies often require specialized care and regular monitoring (often four or five times a day during pregnancy). If diet and exercises fail to cause any improvement in your blood sugar levels, insulin injections might be required to reach the desired blood sugar goal. Gestational diabetes is undoubtedly an alarming condition during pregnancy. However, with close monitoring and the counsel of the best gynecologist doctor in Kolkata, the condition could be effectively mitigated, and safe delivery could be ensured.